GENERAL INFORMATION

Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Vietnam able to master parent shrimp production

Vietnam could become self-sufficient in parent shrimp production from now to 2020.

The country’s shrimp sector has so far heavily depended on foreign markets, importing most of parent shrimp from the US, Singapore and Thailand. It has stayed passive in preventing diseases for parent shrimp.

Therefore, the successful production of parent shrimp by the Vietnam-Australia Group is expected to open up opportunities for the sector to become self-sufficient in the work.

At a launching ceremony of the group’s parent shrimp programme in Ho Chi Minh City on November 11, a representative said the outcome was attributed to the application of technology and careful selection for many years to create disease-free and high-quality parent shrimp.

The group is now able to produce 50 billion breeding shrimp per year, accounting for 25 percent of the total breeding shrimp in the country.

Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Vu Van Tam said the shrimp industry aims to gross 10 billion USD in exports by 2025 and produce 1.1 million tonnes of shrimp on 750,000 hectares. To realise this goal, Vietnam needs about 500,000-600,000 parent shrimp.

Particularly, Vietnam has big demand for rapid-growth and disease-resistant black tiger and white-leg shrimp for extensive farming to create a huge amount of products which are able to meet strict requirements on food safety and quarantine from markets.

The ministry is implementing a national action plan to develop Vietnam’s shrimp industry through 2025 and a project to develop national brackish shrimp products, he noted

Source: VNA