Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Da Nang draws up sea-based economic development strategy

The Da Nang city People’s Committee has recently approved a project on developing sea-based economy by 2025 with vision to 2030, aiming to build the central city into a maritime economic hub with explosive growth in companion with environment protection and sustainable development.

To implement the project, the city will need over 19 trillion VND (835.9 million USD) for the 2017-2020 period, 13 trillion VND (571.9 million USD) for 2021-2025 and 17 trillion VND (747.9 million USD) for 2026-2030.

The city targets tourism growth of 13-14 percent during 2016-2025 and 13 percent during 2026-2030, while the output of processed aquatic products for exports would increase by 12-13 percent per year by 2025 and 8-10 percent per year by 2030. Local ports will raise their annual throughput to 12-13 million tonnes of commodities.

Along with branching out new tourism products, yacht industry and coastal tourism infrastructure, the city will focus resources on developing maritime transport.

Accordingly, Tien Sa port will be reserved to serve cruise ships and Lien Chieu is set to become the major cargo port in the city. More inland container ports (ICDs) will be built to facilitate import-export activities as well as commodity transportation through the East-West Economic Corridor that links Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.

The city has formed policy to support training for logistic human resources and arranged experts to research marine economic development policies. Project on container transportation between Tien Sa and Lien Chieu has been set up to improve speed of the boats.

Regarding seafood exploitation, the city will upgrade Tho Quang fishing port to the top-grade national standard one, aiming to become one of the five fishery hubs in the country. A fleet of high-capacity composite and steel fishing vessels will be developed while equipment, machines and fishing nets will be modernised to improve product quality.

Connections among fishermen, cooperatives and logistics and distribution businesses will be set up as well.

The Da Nang College of Food Industry will be upgraded to university level to train high-quality human resource in seafood cultivation and processing.

The city will pay due attention to enhancing management capacity for fisheries surveillance force, investing in information management system for fishing grounds and communication equipment for fishing vessels to ensure safety for fishermen.

It also works to build a project on tuna exploitation and exports and ask Japan to support local fishermen with tuna fishing techniques.

State-of-the art waste water treatment will be built in Tho Quang boat shelter. The city encourages businesses to use green production technology to reduce waste and sewage, save energy and materials as well as effectively handle pollution.

Source: VNA