Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Ca Mau to hit 280,000 MT in shrimp output by 2020

( According to Ca Mau Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, from now to 2020 as well as to 2030, the area for shrimp farming in the province will remain at 280,000 hectares.

However, the shrimp production expected to increase sharply, in which, by 2020, the output expected to reach 280,000 MT, an increase of 130,000 MT compared to the current time. By 2030, the output will be 415,000 MT, an increase of 265,000 MT from now. The export value will increase from US$1 billion (now) to US$3 billion by 2030.

In order to achieve the above objectives, the local authorities have actively implemented the project on raising productivity, quality and sustainable development of shrimp farming in the period from 2017 to 2020 and the orientation towards 2030.

Accordingly, Ca Mau province implemented 10 solutions in total. Among them, the locality promotes the receipt, transmission and application of seed production technology as well as technical process of shrimp culture; and pays attention to environmental monitoring and disease prevention.

The local authorities will also complete technical procedures for shrimp culture. Accordingly, the province in collaboration with the Department of Science and Technology boosts high-yielding farming methods such as improved extensive, semi-intensive and super-intensive farming.

In addition, Ca Mau province strengthens the control, management and protection of the environment as well as select qualified enterprises to provide quality seed and raw materials.

Compiled by Dieu Thuy