Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Ca Mau strives to earn 1.1 billion USD from aquatic export this year

The southernmost province of Ca Mau is striving to achieve its goal of earning 1.1 billion USD from exporting aquatic products this year.

As of mid-November, the figure neared 900 million USD, up 8.5 percent annually, a positive signal as the shrimp sector faces a tough global market.

Chau Cong Bang, Vice Director of the provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, attributed the growth to rising materials supply that meets nearly 60 percent of total output of shrimp processing for export.

The province’s industrial shrimp farming area now covers more than 9,600ha. Thanks to technological adoption, shrimp production accounts for 80 – 100 tonnes per ha each crop, raising the total to roughly 150,000 tonnes since the beginning of this year.

Local authorities are working to promote sustainable shrimp farming by spreading intensive farming models in tandem with environmental protection, closely controlling quality, issuing regulations to improve the management of shrimp farming, waste treatment and breeding shrimp quarantine.

Concerned agencies have also paid attention to technical training and epidemic control.