Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Ca Mau: Positive growth in shrimp exports

( Mr. Phan Thanh Sang - Head of the Import-Export Management Department, Ca Mau Industry and Trade Department said that in the first two months of 2018, the seafood export turnover in the locality was estimated at US$121.38 million, up 15% over the same period last year, which showed the highest growth compared to other sectors. The fisheries sector is expected to contribute much to the economic growth of the province.

Currently, stocking households have early entered the first batch of harvest. According to farmers, the situation of farming this year is basically more favorable than the same period last year. The salinity is not too high and the weather is not too harsh, so some households have achieved good results. In addition, there is a shortage of raw shrimp supply, so shrimp prices remain high, which is a good sign for shrimp farmers.

Promote to expand markets

Mr. Chau Cong Bang, Deputy Director of Ca Mau province's Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, said Ca Mau province had the largest aquaculture area in the country, with over 302,861 ha, accounting for 27.9% of the country’s area and 39% of the Mekong Delta’s. Annual production reaches 321,000 MT; Ca Mau shrimp is present in 60 countries and territories. At present, the province is promoting trade activities for seeking partners, expanding export markets to Western European countries and aiming at the potential market - India.

At present, the area of industrial shrimp farming is 9,664 ha. Of that, the area of super-intensive shrimp farming increased rapidly with nearly 1,000 hectares and the productivity reached 80-100 MT/ha/crop, contributing significantly to the export turnover of the province.

According to Mr. Tang Thai Xuyen, Director of MINH PHU MANGROVES, under Minh Phu Seafood Corp., to hit the turnover of US$1.1 billion by 2018, the fisheries sector needs to plan development of shrimp farming in a suitable way; change the structure and apply science and technology to bring about sustainable effect. In addition, it is necessary to speed up the application of science and technology, to ensure high quality seed, reduce costs, control disease and food safety as well as strengthen the international cooperation, remove technical barriers so that the fishery products of Vietnam in general and Ca Mau in particular can penetrate deeper and broader into the international market.