Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Ca Mau looks to develop shrimp sector

The Mekong Delta province of Ca Mau is implementing various measures to realise its goal of 2 billion USD worth of shrimp exports by 2020. The goal increases to 3 billion USD by in 2030.

According to the provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, to achieve the goals shrimp output must be expanded, with total output predicted at 280,000 tonnes in 2020 and more than 400,000 tonnes ten years later.

Ca Mau is diversifying production and distribution methods, establishing more cooperatives and building supply chains linking traders and farmers.

Classification and quality assessment of aquatic farms and facilities producing aquatic breeds and animal feed have also been intensified, with locals updated on farming regulations and standards.

Ca Mau plans to develop its export markets via market surveys, product diversification, and trade promotion.

Ca Mau is the largest shrimp producer in Vietnam with output of more than 145,000 tonnes in 2016, 23 percent of the country’s total shrimp output and 32 percent of the Mekong Delta’s.

The province has 34 processing plants with total capacity of 150,000 tonnes per year.

Ca Mau’s shrimp exports were estimated at more than 167 million USD in the first quarter of this year.

Source: VNA