Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Aquatic catch, aquaculture output enjoy growth in first quarter

Vietnam posted growth in both aquatic catch and aquaculture output in the first quarter of 2018, partly thanks to good weather, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD).

In the first three months, aquatic catch was estimated at about 775,800 tonnes, up 4 percent year on year. The volume includes 740,800 tonnes of seafood and 35,000 tonnes fished in freshwater, respectively rises of 4 percent and 2.9 percent.

Notably, more than 6,400 tonnes of oceanic tuna, a major foreign currency earner, were caught by Khanh Hoa, Binh Dinh and Phu Yen – the three key provinces in tuna fishing.

Meanwhile, aquaculture output was about 611,000 tonnes, up 6 percent from a year earlier, said the MARD.

About 230,200 tonnes of tra fish, a key aquaculture product, was produced in the Mekong Delta from January to March, up 5.1 percent year on year.

Brackish water shrimp farming enjoyed more favourable weather conditions than the same period last year, resulting in high production. Output nationwide was about 82,500 tonnes, increasing by 7.6 percent.

The MARD also said through March, aquatic exports reached 1.7 billion USD, up 11.5 percent annually.

Imports of aquatic products hit 423 million USD in the three months, a 32.4 percent year-on-year increase.