GENERAL INFORMATION

Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Available fish sources

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) In Oct 2016, capture and aquaculture output of Hai Phong city (Viet Nam) hit 9,194.8 MT, up 2.94% over the same period last year. The figure in Jan-Oct 2016 estimated at 96,291 MT, up 10.56% over the same period last year.

The Mekong Delta province of Dong Thap has produced 400,000 tonnes of pangasius a year, marking the highest output in the region.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) Vietnam’s aquaculture output in Oct 2016 amounted to 310 thousand MT, up 8.9% compared to the same period last year. The figure in Jan-Oct 2016 estimated at 2,924 thousand MT, up 1.6% compared to the same period last year.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) Unfavorable weather had influenced on fishing activities of fishermen. However, this year a number of fish species appear more such as striped tuna, mahi mahi, flying fish, flying-squid and so on. Therefore, the capture output gained positive results. Of that, some species that achieved high yield were mackerel, tuna, mahi mahi, snapper, scad and anchovies.

The Mekong Delta province of Dong Thap has produced 400,000 tonnes of pangasius a year, marking the highest output in the region.

Việt Nam has identified over 1,080 species of marine fish, including many highly economically valuable creatures such as the skipjack tuna, Japanese horse mackerel, yellowtail scad, largehead hairtail (or beltfish), ariid catfish, among others.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) In September 2016, in Bac Lieu province (Vietnam), the stocking area for intensive and semi-intensive shrimp hit 2,224 hectares (including 1,427 hectares for black tiger shrimp and 797 hectares for whiteleg shrimp), down 1,217 hectares compared to the previous month and up 533 hectares over the same period in 2015.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) In Sep 2016, aquaculture and capture production of Ca Mau province (Vietnam) totaled 41.3 thousand MT, up 3.25% over the previous month, and up 18.34% over the same period last year. The figure in Jan-Sep 2016 estimated at 369.4 thousand MT, completing 69.7% of the yearly plan, down 1.93% over the same period last year.

Fishermen in south central provinces enjoyed bumper catches of tuna and got handsome profits thanks to increasing prices.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) In Jan-Sep 2016, fishing activities of fishermen in Khanh Hoa province of Vietnam were facilitated thanks to favorable weather. Besides, the province focused on implementing the Decree 67 of the Prime Minister on some policies supporting fishery industry’s development. Accordingly, vessels’ owners received loans to build or renovate their off-shore fishing vessels.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) Despite unfavorable weather from the end of Jul to mid-Sep 2016, fishermen still facilitated their fishing activities. Therefore, capture production in some localities showed the good results, especially the production of mahi mahi, herring, anchovies, and skipjack tuna in some provinces of the south central Vietnam and Mekong Delta.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) In Sep 2016, Vietnam’s aquaculture output estimated at 319 thousand MT, up 7.4% compared to the same period last year. The figure in Jan-Sep 2016 estimated at 2,621 thousand MT, up 1.8% year on year.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) In Aug 2016, capture output of Binh Thuan province (Vietnam) reached 23,726 MT. The figure in Jan-Aug 2016 estimated at 130,000 MT, an increase of 1% over the same period last year.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) On September 20, 2016, local authorities in Ben Tre province (Vietnam) showed that, total fishery production of the province so far this year estimated to reach more than 205,600 MT, fulfiling 80% of the 2016 plan and rising 5% from the same period of last year.

Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has given a nod to the Mekong Delta province of Bac Lieu to set up a high-tech agriculture zone aiming to make shrimp breeding a locomotive of the local agriculture.