Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Available fish sources

( In 2017, Ca Mau province strives to reach the fishery production of 530,000 tons in which aquaculture production was 335,000 MT, Mr. Le Thanh Trieu, Director of Ca Mau Department of Agriculture and Rural Development said.

Fishermen in the central province of Binh Dinh have enjoyed a bumper harvest on their first offshore trip of the lunar new year.

Fishermen in the central province of Quang Tri have returned home with big batches of fish caught in their first sailing at the start of the Lunar New Year.

Farmers in the Mekong Delta province of Bac Lieu have had bumper harvests of paddy rice and shrimp with higher profits and yields than in previous years.

As the 21st century is considered an era of sea and ocean, many countries, including Vietnam, have paid heed to developing the sea-based economy and exploiting sea resources and spaces to promote their socio-economic growth while working to safeguard sovereignty and sovereign rights over sea and islands.

Provinces in the Mekong Delta region aim to generate 15 billion USD from exports in 2017, surging 9.4 percent from the previous year, according to the Steering Committee for the Southwest Region.

( Total area for aquaculture in Hai Phong province (Vietnam) hit 11,748.1 hectares, down 2.5% compared with the previous year.

The Mekong Delta of Vietnam had 4,786 commercial pangasius farming ponds, of which 2,267 are privately owned (47.38 per cent), 2,486 owned by businesses (51.95 per cent) while only 32 belong to local co-operatives.

( The aquaculture output of Viet Nam in Nov 2016 amounted to 306 thousand MT, up 4.2% compared to the same period last year. The figure in Jan-Nov 2016 estimated at 3,230 thousand MT, up 1.9% year on year.

The pangasius sector estimated to rake in 1.67 billion USD from exports this year, an year-on-year increase of 6.6 percent.

A high demand, increased incomes and improved fish farming methods will increase the consumption of seafood in Vietnam and export abroad.

( Despite unfavorable weather, fishing activities in the Central and Southern provinces reported effective results.

( In Oct 2016, the aquaculture and capture production of Ca Mau province (Viet Nam) reached 41.70 thousand MT, up 5.86% over the previous month and up 19.14% over the same period last year. The figure in Jan-Oct 2016 estimated at 411.10 thousand MT, completing 77.57% of the plan, and down 0.14% over the same period last year.

( In Sep 2016, the capture and aquaculture output of Kien Giang province (Viet Nam) totaled 60,025 MT. The figure in Jan-Sep 2016 estimated at 529,584 MT, completing 76.50% of the plan and increasing by 4% over the same period last year.

( In Jan-Oct 2016, fishery production in Da Nang province (Viet Nam) estimated at 30,143 MT, down 1.74% year on year. Of that, capture output reached 30,073 MT, equal to 98.26% over the first 10 months in 2015.