Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Available fish sources

Total aquaculture and capture production in the first quarter of 2017 was estimated at 49,955 tons (including 15,780 tons of shrimp). The area of aquaculture hit 108,155 ha; 64,495 ha of harvested area; The aquaculture production was 25,718 tons (including 12,784 tons of shrimp).

The Mekong Delta province of Tien Giang earned a record export revenue in the first quarter of 2017, the provincial Department of Industry and Trade has said.

Some 14 seafood processing clusters covering 78.83 hectares have been invested in the central province of Nghe An so far to promote production efficiency for local fishermen.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has approved a national plan on monitoring diseases on shrimp and tra fish for export in 2017-2020.

( Total fishery output of Ho Chi Minh city in the first three months of 2017 was estimated at 13,084 MT, up 4.9% over the same period last year. Of which aquaculture production was estimated at 7,640.3 MT, up 10.7% over the same period (farming area was 3,831.8 ha, increasing 2.2%). Of total aquaculture production, shrimp accounted for 25.8% of aquaculture production, down 8.4% due to unstable weather conditions, unseasonal rain; Finfish production accounted for 27%, up 10.7%; other seafood accounted for 47.1%, up 27.6%.

( In Quang Nam province of Vietnam, favorable weather facilitates fishing boats to catch fish in offshore waters. Capture production in March 2017 was estimated at 6,823 MT. In the first 3 months of 2017, the catch was 12,853 MT, equal to 15.4% of the yearly plan, up 5.4% (+653 MT) over the same period of 2016.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has estimated fishing output reached about 651,900 tonnes in the first quarter of 2017, 1.4 percent more than the previous year.

The export value of agricultural, forestry and aquatic products reached 7.6 billion USD in the first three months of 2017, a year-on-year increase of 7.6 percent.

Pangasius fish price now reaches VND27,000 a kilogram, the highest peak for the last recent years in the Mekong Delta.

The north central province of Thanh Hoa will scale down inshore fishing and invest more in high-capacity vessels for offshore fishing between now and 2025, under Vietnam’s fisheries development strategy and the local fisheries master plan.

Ho Chi Minh City’s fisheries production in February 2017 was estimated at 4,956.7 tons, increased by 7.9% month – on – month, in which aquaculture production was about 3,238 tons, up 7.3%, with 1,095 tons of fish (up 17.1%), 863 tons of shrimp (up 16.2%).

Located in the southern part of the country, Bac Lieu province has dense canal systems which are served for both agriculture and aquaculture production. Also, Bac Lieu has a number of big canals, namely Quan Lo – Phung Hiep, Canh Den, Pho Sinh and Gia Rai. With these unique geographical location, natural conditions, environmental conditions, Bac Lieu has potentials for development of shrimp farming.

The Mekong Delta province of Kien Giang has targeted its blackish water shrimp production at 63,000 tons on an area of 113,000 ha this year. Of this total farming area, industrial and semi-industrial farming area is 2,600 ha, with production of 16,240 tons, shrimp - rice farming area is 89,000 ha, with output of 40,838 tons and the rest is improved-extensive farming area, with ouput of 5,922 tons.

The Binh Thuan Province People’s Committee has approved a proposal by local company Truong An Construction to build an industrial cluster in Mui Ne.

( The fishery output of Da Nang province (Vietnam) in Feb 2017 estimated at 3,309 MT, down 2.1% over the same period in 2016, of which capture output reached 3,241 MT, down 2.19% over the same period in 2016, aquaculture production reached 68 MT, down 2.57% over the same period in 2016.