Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Available fish sources

( Fisheries output of Ho Chi Minh city (Vietnam) in April 2017 hit 4,421.9 MT, down 3.2% over the same period in 2016.

( In the first four months of 2017, capture production of Binh Thuan province (Vietnam) reached 48,458.8 MT, an increase of 34% over the same period in 2016.

Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has issued a decision on the establishment and operational regulations of a high technology agriculture area specialised in shrimp development in the Mekong Delta province of Bac Lieu.

( According to Ca Mau Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, the province is actively implementing the project to improve productivity, quality, efficiency and sustainable development of shrimp farming.

The northern province of Quang Ninh has began building a high-quality shrimp breeding and aquatic processing complex in Dam Ha district.

The marine economy has potential for the Mekong Delta province of Kien Giang financially and can contribute to protecting national sea and island sovereignty.

The Mekong Delta province of Ca Mau aims to earn 2 billion USD from shrimp exports by 2020, according to the provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.

A conference was held in the central province of Ha Tinh on May 16 to seek ways to sustainably develop sand-based shrimp farming, for which the central coastal region holds huge potential.

Rising sea levels have exacerbated saline intrusion and coastal erosion in Vietnam, but farmers can make the best out of a bad situation by shifting from agriculture to aquaculture, raising brackish water shrimp.

( The farming area for brackish water shrimp of Vietnam in the first three months in 2017 estimated at 535.6 thousand hectares, up 1.7% over the same period last year, with the production of 68.3 thousand MT, a year-on-year rise of 14.14%. Through now, shrimp farming area was little affected by diseases.

( In the first three months of 2017, tuna production in the three key provinces of Vietnam estimated at 5,846 MT. Currently, the price of ocean tuna at the port ranged from VND93,000 to VND110,000 per kg. In Phu Yen province, tuna production hit 1,500 MT, down 2.7% year on year; that in Binh Dinh province was 3,446 MT, an increase of 75% over the same period last year (from 1,970 MT); that in Khanh Hoa province was 900 MT, down 8% from a year before.

( Fishing activities of Da Nang province (Viet Nam) in QI/2017 were relatively stable. In the first two months of the year, the output was mainly provided for the consumption of people at Tet.

Vietnam’s fishery output in the first four months of this year exceeded 1 million tonnes, up 5.7 percent year-on-year thanks to favourable weather, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD).

Developing chains of agricultural products in tandem with building labels and brand names was the focus of discussion at a forum in the central province of Quang Nam on April 28.

The export value of agro-forestry-aquatic products reached 10.8 billion USD in the first four months of 2017, a year-on-year surge of 9.1 percent, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.