Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Khanh Hoa province applies science and technology to aquaculture and seafood processing

( According to Mr. Nguyen Trong Chanh - Director of Khanh Hoa Provincial Fisheries Sub-Department, the plan to implement the Vietnam Fisheries Development Strategy to 2030, with a vision to 2045 in the province, is oriented towards aquaculture development in the direction of commodity production, raising the value of key aquaculture species, associated with traceability to ensure raw materials for the processing and export industries.

Khanh Hoa province applies science and technology to aquaculture and seafood processing

To implement this plan, in coastal aquaculture, farmers will be allocated water surface for investment and production stabilization. The locality will propagate and mobilize people to change the farming form from traditional wooden cages to new materials (HDPE) that can withstand waves and ensure safety; orientation for people to raise aquatic products of high economic value, key products... to both increase economic efficiency and preserve the farming environment.

For open sea areas, capable businesses will be called to invest in marine aquaculture in the direction of industry, applying science and technology, raising with modern cages to increase commercial production. In addition, the province will form linkage groups, establish aquaculture cooperatives to link with businesses to form linkage chains, consume products, and stabilize output for farmers.

According to the policy of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, in the coming time, aquaculture will change from traditional farming to industrial methods, applying high technology; promote sustainable farming practices; to step up the application of advanced science and technology in aquaculture and seafood processing, to create key products with high quality and economic value to meet the market's demand.

In order to develop the fisheries sector into an important, sustainable economic sector that can adapt to climate change, the province orients that development must be associated with industrialization and modernization; application of science and technology to aquaculture and seafood processing.

Accordingly, Khanh Hoa province focuses on developing key farming species and technologies suitable for each farming area; determining investment solutions, capital sources, processing subjects and consumption markets; formulating mechanisms and policies... These issues are expected to accelerate the development of the province's aquaculture industry in the direction of commodity production, sustainable development, and increased income for farmers.

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