SUMMARY 

Up to 2019, many sustainable certifications are implemented by aquaculture sector in Vietnam. 

BAP: Vietnam get total of 192 BAP certified facilities.

ASC: There are 348 farms certified ASC, including 50 pangasius farms certified ASC, 233 ASC-certified farms for shrimp, 65 ASC certified farm for other species.

Global G.A.P:  Many companies certified.

  • Please click the different certificates belows to find more Vietnamese suppliers and farms granted 

BAP

To promote responsible practices across the aquaculture industry, the Global Aquaculture Alliance coordinates the development of Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) certification standards for hatcheries, farms, processing facilities and feed mills. 

The BAP program drives continued improvements via high standards that deliver significant benefits industrywide. The BAP standards cover aquaculture facilities for a variety of finish and crustacean species, as well as mussels.

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ASC

The ASC's mission is to transform aquaculture towards environmental sustainability and social responsibility using efficient market mechanisms that create value across the chain. 

ASC aims to be the world's leading certification and labelling programme for responsibly farmed seafood. The ASC’s primary role is to manage the global standards for responsible aquaculture, which were developed by the WWF Aquaculture Dialogues.

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GLOBAL GAP

GLOBALG.A.P.’s roots began in 1997 as EUREPGAP, an initiative by retailers belonging to the Euro-Retailer Produce

Working Group. British retailers working together with supermarkets in continental Europe become aware of consumers’ growing concerns regarding product safety, environmental impact and the health, safety and welfare of workers and animals.

GLOBALG.A.P. today is the world's leading farm assurance program, translating consumer requirements into Good Agricultural Practice in a rapidly growing list of countries – currently more than 100.

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VIET GAP

To contribute to promoting aquaculture seafood, agriculture products and food safety in general and fruit and vegetable for consumption in the country in particular and exports, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development issued the Criteria VietGAP on 01/28/2008.

VietGAP (Vietnamese Good Agriculture Practices): Practices good agriculture production in Vietnam is based on 04 criteria, such as Standard on production techniques; Food safety including measures to ensure no chemical contamination or physical contamination during harvesting; Working environment aims to prevent abuse of the labor of farmers; Product traceability. 

On 31 December 2015, all commercial fish farms must apply and be certified by VietGAP or other international certifications under Decree No. 36/2014/ND-CP dated 29/04/2014 about farming, processing and export of pangasius products. The Decree comes into force on 20 June 2014. The certification program is encouraged in farming many other fishes in Vietnam.

 
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Certified pangasius is a responsible choice, says GAA

In response to the strong negative public exposure surrounding pangasius farming for some time now, the Global Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) ensures that this fish can be produced in a responsible manner and under stringent food safety standards, so it can bought with confidence.

The nonprofit organization clarifies that producers certified under the Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) are subject to rigorous food safety inspections and environmental production controls. In addition, it notes that these producers invest in their business to meet these requirements and must be respected by their leadership in doing so.

GAA pointed out that there have been anti-pangasius campaigns, often promoted by competing seafood interests and spread on social media, that can easily misrepresent the realities.

It also emphasizes that the claims made in these campaigns have been challenged by scientific literature studies and publications.

“Pangasius has been the subject of food scares and environmental scares, but on closer inspection the claims lack substance,” the co-author of one of these studies, said Simon Bush, professor of environmental policy at Wageningen University.

“Our analysis shows that the vigorous claims made about pangasius do not match the very limited safety risk and limited environmental impact observed in scientific studies. In reality, pangasius, a relatively new product in Western markets, has found an important niche in retail and foodservice outlets and is perhaps a victim of its own success,” he added.

Another scientist, Ghent University Professor Emeritus Patrick Sorgeloos, stressed research of Dutch scientists has showed that the contribution of the pangasius industry to pollution in the Mekong River is negligible.

He also also pointed out, “When pangasius made its entrance in Europe, the local fishing industry was afraid of cheap farmed fish from Asia, as they thought that consumers would buy less fish from local sources.,” which did not happen.

Regarding the claims of negative environmental impacts, GAA’s BAP Coordinator Dan Lee pointed out, “Any fish species, whether in a natural or a farm setting, will interact with its environment. Pangasius is no exception and the interactions arising from production systems in Southeast Asia do have the potential to generate localized negative impacts.”

In this sense, he noted that organizations such as the Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) and BAP have established production and environmental standards for farmed fish to recognize those producers who mitigate against those potential negative impacts.

“The standards specify the controls that need to be applied to contain the risks of biodiversity impacts, wildlife interactions, pollution and the indirect impacts associated with providing marine ingredients for feeds,” Lee highlighted.

Additionally, the standards developed by GAA and ASC set controls on the use of chemicals and antibiotics to prevent any risks to the health of either the environment or the consumer.

To verify compliance with BAP and ASC standards, independent certification bodies conduct annual inspections, with teams of trained auditors that have specialist knowledge of aquaculture and its potential impacts.

Therefore, the organization concluded that given the combined forces of science-based standards and rigorous, independent auditing, it is clear that certified pangasius is a responsible sourcing choice.

Currently, in Vietnam, many enterprises, farms and processors are granted international certifications like BAP of the U.S., ASC of the EU, Global GAP…

(Source: fis.com)