GENERAL INFORMATION

Vietnam, with a coastline of over 3,260 kilometers (km) and more than 3,000 islands and islets scattered offshore, plus up to 2,860 rivers and estuaries, has been geographically endowed with ideal conditions for the thriving fishery sector which currently exists.

Great potential of fishery sector in Vietnam is embedded in water bodies of 1.700.000 ha in which 811.700 ha freshwater, 635.400 ha brackish waters and 125.700 ha coves and 300.000 - 400.000 ha wetland areas might be employed for aquaculture development.

The Mekong River Delta in the south and the Red River Delta in the north have been used for wild catch fishing as well as extensive fish farming.

Shrimp and pangasius mostly farmed in the Mekong River Delta, in which, shrimp farmes located in coastal provinces such as Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Ben Tre..

Pangasius farming is developing in many provinces in Mekong River Delta such as Can Tho, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, An Giang, Dong Thap, Soc Trang, Hau Giang, Tra Vinh....

Production in the fishery sector grew at an average rate of 7.05% from 1991 to 2000, and 10% from 2001 to now. The country produces annually over 6 million MT of fish, in which its landings reached 2.7 million MT and aquaculture reached 3.3 million MT. In 2015, total fisheries production reached 6.56 million MT, including 3.03 million tons from catching and 3.53 million tons from aquaculture.

Available fish sources

The management capacity of the aquaculture sector needs to be improved for efficient and sustainable development and production, heard a conference in Nha Trang, the central coastal province of Khanh Hoa, on January 11.

The maritime sector should pay more attention to seaport planning, especially in the central and the Mekong Delta regions, said Transport Minister Nguyen Van The.

The Government should have policies to support research and processing that would use shrimp by-products as high-value products, experts have said.

The Mekong Delta province of An Giang’s tra fish production in 2018 is estimated at 346,000 tonnes, a rise of 61,000 tonnes over that in 2017, reported the provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.

Developing concentrated aquaculture areas, strengthening linkages among stakeholders, optimising costs, increasing the use of technology, and building brands are among the measures that would add value to the aquaculture sector, according to the Directorate of Fisheries.

The Mekong Delta province of Ca Mau is exerting efforts to fulfil a target of 1.2 billion USD in export turnover in 2018.

Dong Thap province, the Mekong Delta’s largest tra fish producer, has more than 2,200ha of aquaculture farms breeding the fish and they have produced about 438,000 tonnes so far this year, equivalent to almost the full-year target.

The Mekong Delta province of Ben Tre plans to develop its aquaculture areas to 47,000ha with an annual output of 300,000 tonnes of aquatic species in the 2018-2020 period.

Vietnamese businesses should actively prepare the best conditions to take the advantage of preferences to be brought by the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), said experts at a seminar in Ho Chi Minh City on October 25.

Co To island district in the northeast of Quang Ninh province is working to ensure sustainable aquaculture development.

Vietnam has built a system of policies and laws on seas and islands during the 10-year implementation of the Maritime Strategy.

The Mekong Delta province of An Giang has enjoyed good growth in the overseas shipments of its key export items – tra fish and rice – in the first eight months of 2018, according to the provincial Department of Industry and Trade.

There is room for the development of Vietnam’s shrimp sector thanks to favourable farming conditions and increasing global demand, heard a conference held in Ho Chi Minh City on August 23.

The Mekong Delta province of Ben Tre will be developing its shrimp sector’s value chain with intensive farming and advanced technological application, aiming to make it the spearhead of the locality’s industrial production sector by 2025, according to Vice Chairman of the provincial People’s Committee Nguyen Huu Lap.

(seafood.vasep.com.vn) According to the plan of 2018, the area of pangasius farming in Vinh Long province strives to reach an area of 460 hectares with the output of 80 thousand MT. In particular, the locality expected to produce 40 million of pangasius seeds and 1,300 million fries. To achieve the above objectives, Vinh Long province has introduced many solutions to reorganize production in the direction of enhancing chain linkages and community management models such as GAP-certified manufacturing cooperatives.