CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SECTOR 

I. Overview

With 3,260 km of coast line, Vietnam has 2,038 species of marine fish, in which there are 130 species having commercial value, 30 species regularly caught.

Vietnam has fisheries stock of 4.2 million MT and  maximum sustainable yield, MSY of 1.7 million MT per year.

From 2015 to 2020, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) will invest and build five major fishing centers in 5 provinces, namely Hai Phong, Da Nang, Khanh Hoa, Ba Ria - Vung Tau and Kien Giang. These provinces have big fishing grounds.

 

The Ministry will invest, build fishing ports, integrate and modernize fishing logistics services, develop offshore fishing and create fisheries value chain. These activites are promising, to attract investment and boast the economy as well as Vietnam seafood exports in the next decades.

Vietnamese seafood exporters have been expanding production scale and scope, enhance food safety to meet the demand of consumers and ensure credibility to export to  major markets like Japan, the US and  EU.

Marine production chain has satisfied IUU regulation by EU so far.

 

Vietnam fishing industry

Total number of fishing boats (2019): 96,600 boats. Of which 47,448 boats with length of 6-12 m (49%); 18,687 boats of 12-15m (19%); 27,856 vessels of a length of 15-24 m (29%); 2,618 fishing vessels have a length >24m (3%). Wooden fishing vessels account for 97% (93,406 vessels), the rest are steel or new material vessels.

Trawl fishing boats: 18,363 units, accounting for 19%, purse seine fishing 6,556 units (7%); gill net 34,931 units, for 36%; lines fishing boats 13,268 units, for 14%; ocean tuna fishing boats 2,433 units, for 2.5%; squid and fish net boats 2,873 units, accounting for 3%; logistics ships 3,175 units, for 3,3%; other fisheries 15,341 units, accounting for 16%.

125 fishing ports in 27 coastal provinces and cities (type I: 35 ports, type II: 90 ports)

Logistics for fisheries: 3,127 fishing logistic vessels (3,2%)>95% fishing vessels using ice to preserve fish, 4% using ice with salt, 1% using freezing  equipment

100% vessels using preservation storages with Polyurethane (PU foam).

 

By the end of 2020, Vietnam's cephalopod exports reached $560 million, down 2.6% compared to 2019. In addition to tuna and cephalopod, exports of crab, bivalve mollusks and other marine fish all increased compared to 2019. In which, crab exports reached 182 million USD, up 22%, bivalve mollusk exports increased 12% to 105 million USD, other marine fish (except tuna) recovered slightly by 0.8% to 1.68 billion USD.  Total export value of fish cakes, surimi of Vietnam in 2020 decreased by 2.6% over the same period, reaching nearly 334 million USD

 

 

 

 

 

 

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